Amber Gemstone Locations Around the World

Amber Gemstone Locations Around the World

Amber is a fossilized resin made from a species of Pine trees named ‘Pinus Succinisera’ which grew over 45 million years ago. They were chiefly found in the Baltic vicinity in the European mainland. Amber is also found in Malaysia, England, Russia, Sicily, Germany, North America, Rumania, Myanmar and the Dominican Republic.

The Germans called amber by the name of ‘Bernstein’, due to the sweet smell it emitted when burnt. The Greeks called it ‘Elektron’ due to its similarities of developing static electricity when rubbed. Amber is known as ‘Kerba’ in the local markets in India.

There are high deposits of amber in the western hemisphere, particularly in the Dominican Republic, Mexico and in New Jersey. An especially high bed of amber in New Jersey has yielded over 100 before unknown extinct Cretaceous species dating back as much as 94 million years.

The Baltic area nevertheless remains the most important source of amber. high deposits of amber are found particularly in Königsberg, which was before in East Prussia, and now is known as Kaliningrad (which, until recently was a part of USSR).

The variety of amber originating from this area is known as ‘Succinite’. It is found here at two supplies: from the sea and by mining. The sea amber from this area is easily carried by the sea, and can also be found in all parts of the Baltic coast, already as far away as Norway, Denmark and the east coast of Britain.

Amber found in Sicily, along the Simeto River near Catania is reddish brown, fluorescent, and is known as ‘Simetite’. ‘Roumanite’ is a variety of amber found in Romania, and it can be quite variable in color. Amber found at Gdansk or Danzig is known as ‘Gedanite’. This is softer and lighter than most other amber stones. There are numerous small deposits of amber found in the USA.

In the Russian Baltic vicinity, west of Kaliningrad, you can find the largest mine. Baltic amber is found in Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Russia, and sometimes washed up on the shores of the Baltic Sea as far away as Denmark, Norway, and England. Canada, Germany, Romania, Mexico, Sicily, Lebanon, and Myanmar (Burma) are the other places where Amber is found.

The amber was mined in the mountains of Lebanon by Aftim Acra, who has a collection of amber pieces containing 700 insects, including termites, moths, caterpillars, spiders, pseudo-scorpions, and midges. More than 1,000 extinct species of insects have been identified in amber.

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